You’ve just found out you’re pregnant - congratulations! But you have asthma – how is this going to affect your pregnancy?
It is actually hard to predict how pregnancy will affect your asthma because it is different for every woman.
Asthma in Children
Children who have asthma have sensitive airways. When they are exposed to triggers such as viral infections, cigarette smoke, animal fur, exercise or sudden temperature changes, the airways in the child’s lung become narrow and swollen, causing breathing difficulties. This is called an asthma attack.
During an asthma attack, three things happen in the asthmatic child’s airways:
- The muscles in the walls of the airway contract, causing it to narrow.
- Swelling occurs in the inner lining of the airway, making it even narrower.
- Excessive mucus is produced inside the airway.
All these changes make the airways narrower, especially while exhaling, which makes it harder for the child to breathe.
The child may start to have a persistent cough, wheeze, or breathe faster, with increased effort. The changes that occur during an asthma attack are reversible, and can be improved with medical treatment. In between attacks, children often have no symptoms.
There is no known cure for asthma. However, with proper treatment and care, most children with asthma can lead normal lives, and take part in sports and physical activities like any other child.